Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the UK and accounts for almost two thirds of all deaths in the UK. CVD refers to diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels, or both; it is usually caused by atherosclerosis (an increased risk of blood clots). There are four main types of CVD- coronary heart disease, stroke, transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and peripheral arterial disease. There are many risk factors associated with CVD including age, gender, ethnicity, smoking, sedentary behaviour, and obesity.
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